1946 Royal Indian Navy Mutiny: Last War of Independence

1946 Royal Indian Navy Mutiny: Last War of Independence

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Author: Pramod Kapoor

The 1946 Royal Indian Navy Mutiny is often referred to as the Last War of Indian Independence. It was a significant event that occurred just a year before India gained independence from British rule. The mutiny was a pivotal moment in India's fight for freedom and represented a turning point in the struggle for independence.

The Royal Indian Navy Mutiny began on February 18, 1946, when sailors on board the HMIS Talwar, stationed in Bombay (now Mumbai), refused to obey orders. The sailors were unhappy with their working conditions, low pay, and discriminatory treatment by British officers. The sailors' protest soon spread to other ships, and by the end of the day, a significant portion of the Royal Indian Navy had joined the mutiny.

The mutiny quickly spread to other ports, including Calcutta (now Kolkata), Karachi (now in Pakistan), and Madras (now Chennai). The sailors took control of the ships and demanded better working conditions, equal pay for Indian and British sailors, and an end to discriminatory treatment. The mutiny also called for the release of nationalist leaders who had been arrested by the British.

The mutiny gained support from many Indians, who saw it as a symbol of resistance against British rule. The Indian National Congress, the main political party at the time, supported the mutiny and called for a general strike to show solidarity with the sailors.

The British authorities responded by using force to suppress the mutiny. They arrested hundreds of sailors and charged them with mutiny and sedition. The British also sent in troops and warships to regain control of the mutiny. The Indian army was also called in to assist the British in suppressing the mutiny.

Despite the use of force, the mutiny lasted for several days, and the sailors continued to resist. The mutiny came to an end on February 23, 1946, when the sailors agreed to surrender their ships in exchange for a promise of amnesty.

The Royal Indian Navy Mutiny was a significant event in India's fight for independence. It marked the first time that Indian soldiers and sailors had openly revolted against British rule. The mutiny also had a significant impact on the Indian National Congress and other nationalist groups, who were inspired by the sailors' courage and determination.

The mutiny also had broader implications for the British Empire. The mutiny showed that the British were losing control of their empire, and it highlighted the growing dissatisfaction among colonial subjects. The mutiny also helped to pave the way for India's independence, which was granted just a year later in 1947.

Today, the Royal Indian Navy Mutiny is remembered as a significant event in India's history. It is often referred to as the Last War of Indian Independence, as it was the final armed uprising against British rule in India. The mutiny also represents a significant moment in the struggle for independence and serves as a reminder of the sacrifices made by those who fought for India's freedom.

In conclusion, the 1946 Royal Indian Navy Mutiny was a significant event in India's fight for independence. The mutiny marked a turning point in India's struggle against British rule and represented the last armed uprising against the British in India. The mutiny also had broader implications for the British Empire, highlighting the growing dissatisfaction among colonial subjects. Today, the mutiny is remembered as a symbol of resistance against British rule and a reminder of the sacrifices made by those who fought for India's freedom.

Brand: Roli Books

Edition: First Edition

Binding: Hardcover

Format: Big Book

Number Of Pages: 376

Release Date: 25-02-2022

Details: Product Description In 1946, 20,000 non-commissioned sailors of the Royal Indian Navy mutinied. They were inspired by the heroism of the Azad Hind Fauj. But their anger was sparked by terrible service conditions, racism, and broken recruitment promises. In less than 48 hours, 20,000 men took over 78 ships and 21 shore establishments and replaced British flags with the entwined flags of the Congress, the Muslim League, and the communists. The British panicked and announced a Cabinet Mission to discuss modalities of transfer of power. By this time, Indian troops had refused to fire on the ratings, and the mutiny sparked revolts in other branches of the armed forces. The young ratings presented a charter of demands, even as they fought pitched battles against British troops. People thronged the streets in support, and hartals were followed by street fights between civilians and British soldiers resulting in over 400 deaths and 1,500 injured. To quell the rebellion, British commanded their powerful warship HMS Glasgow to sail rapidly from Trincomalee and ordered low sorties by the Royal Air Force fighter planes. In retaliation, the ratings trained the guns mounted on the captured ships towards the shore, threatening to blow Gateway of India, Yacht Club, and the dockyards. As violence escalated, telegrams flew between the Viceroy’s office and the British Cabinet. The British realized they could no longer hold India by force. While the communists continued to support the rebellious ratings, the Congress and the Muslim League persuaded them to surrender, promising they would not be victimized. Shamefully, years later, the governments of India and Pakistan refused to honour those promises after Independence. The mutiny caused public disagreements between Gandhiji and Aruna Asaf Ali, and between Sardar Patel and Nehru. Historians say it accelerated the transfer of power. But this seminal event, which inspired songs, art and theatre has been edited out of the popular narratives of the Freedom Movement. Review ‘Pramod Kapoor’s remarkable research has shed important new light on a thrilling and critically important but partly-forgotten story, and does so with great flair and panache.’- William Dalrymple ‘Thoroughly researched... an exciting account of what is commonly seen as a footnote in the history of theFreedom Movement.’- Shyam Benegal ‘We should be beholden to Pramod Kapoor for telling the story from the perspective of the humble “ratings” who fought their battle, abandoned by some of our best-known freedom fighters who, like hardboiled politicians ready to take on the responsibility of ruling India, were unwilling to stall the transfer of power. This book is a challenge to us to take a second look at our revered political figures whose charismatic public presence often hid their insecure ruthlessness and narcissism, both leavenedwith a touch of hypocrisy.’- Dr. Ashis Nandy ‘This book is a major achievement based on incredible research. A must read for anyone interested in the history of twentieth-century India and how common people made that history.’- Rudrangshu Mukherjee ‘Pramod set out to unearth a forgotten and ignored chapters in our nationalist history and what an excellent job he has done... This is a document that fills a vital gap in our history.’- Sidharth Bhatia About the Author Pramod Kapoor, the founder and publisher of Roli Books (established in 1978), has over the course of his illustrious career, conceived and produced award-winning books that have proven to be game-changers in the world of publishing. Be it the hit ‘Then and Now’ series and the seminal Made for Maharajas, or even the internationally acclaimed Gandhi: An Illustrated Biography, which is published in eleven editions in most major languages worldwide. In 2016, he was conferred with the prestigious Chevalier de la Legion d’Honneur (Knight of the Legion of Honour), the highest civil and military award in F

EAN: 9789392130274

Package Dimensions: 8.8 x 5.9 x 1.4 inches

Languages: English